Heart disease

Heart disease refers to a range of conditions that affect the heart, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, and arrhythmias. It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.

Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease and is caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, and heart attacks.

Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Symptoms can include fatigue, shortness of breath, and swelling in the legs and feet.

Arrhythmias are irregular heartbeats and can cause a range of symptoms, including palpitations, dizziness, and fainting.

Risk factors for heart disease include age, family history, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Prevention and treatment of heart disease involve lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and not smoking. Medications, such as aspirin, statins, and blood pressure-lowering drugs, may also be prescribed. In some cases, surgical procedures such as bypass surgery or angioplasty may be necessary.

Early detection and treatment of heart disease is crucial for preventing serious complications and improving outcomes. If you are at risk for heart disease or are experiencing symptoms, it's important to speak with a healthcare professional.